SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 29
The kitties are nestled up under the tree, as visions of mayhem dance through their annoying little feline heads! Last night I gave up and simply herded them back downstairs and fenced off up the two top floors of the condo. So far, so good, but then I’ve not put anything else on the tree, waiting to see what might happen. I’ve been watching Classic Star Wars all afternoon. Yep, I have a bad feeling about this. Let’s face it, Bubbles can only behave for so long. Where she goes, Hoss Cartwright follows.
Are “they” going to admit longevity is genetic? Sure is in my family.
People aren’t visiting national parks like they once were.
Thank heavens – new Bigfoot stuff. Is it invisible? Just when you thought the Bigfoot game couldn’t get any crazier, well, it just did! That’s a little strange, even for strange.
When it comes to “invisible” I am absolutely convinced the USAF has something akin to a “cloaking device”. I’ve seen it in action a good half dozen times in and around Holloman AFB over the past few years, but that’s another story. It is a story I’ve not mentioned, even though I’ve been asking questions. I’m now getting the cannot confirm or deny. In fact, my theory is that the F-17 Nighthawks that were allegedly taken out of use, are now part of the whole process. It is fascinating. You will be watching a Nighthawk train with two smaller fighters, both flying in a very close formation. Suddenly the Nighthawk is gone, disappeared. The two fighters are in the same place. As you watch them fly toward the runway the Nighhawk would reappear. The two fighters are always in the same position – always.
Roger Simon on the you know what that the new “James Bond” has become. Once upon a time James Bond was a man’s man. He was politically incorrect, a hard drinker, womanizer, and a hero. Today, though, this new Bond is repulsive, and so far from Ian Fleming’s version, well, God Save the Queen!
I don’t like football, and I think college football is deplorable. I won’t get into my theory that the NCAA is a joke and college athleats should be treated like minor league pros. I will mention though, that Clemson beat the you know what out of Carolina today.
Is murdering boy-babies the way to maintain world peace? In one little village in New Guinea, the women who live there think it does, so for the past ten years there has been a systematic slaughter of all male babies born in a certain region. Once again, the only way to stop this horrific crime is through the application of Christian values – maybe.
“…Now, with the help of the Salvation Army and the initiative of local Pastor Michael Hemuno, the tribal women hope the slaughter of babies can end and those men who are still warriors will lay down their weapons and talk peace.
‘We are trying to get them to live peacefully and end all the deaths of young and old,’ said Pastor Hemuno….”
There is a disturbing earthquake trend in Arkansas. Is it a preview of things to come?
“…”The potential for generating a high-magnitude earthquake is real,” said Haydar Al-Shukri, director of the Arkansas Earthquake Center at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock.
Five earthquakes ranging in magnitude from 2.2 to 2.7 have hit central Arkansas this month. Quakes with a magnitude of 2.5 to 3 are typically the smallest felt by people.
While hundreds of earthquakes occur each year, including several in Arkansas, the location of the recent ones give Al-Shukri pause. Arkansas quakes generally occur in the state’s northeast corner, part of the New Madrid Seismic Zone, where three temblors with magnitudes of around 8 struck during the winter of 1812 and smaller ones continue today….”
Have you heard the one about the $200,000 truffle?
Born: Margaret, daughter of Henry VII, and queen of James IV of Scotland, 1489; Sir Philip Sidney, poet, 1554, Penshurst, Kent; Dr. Peter Heylin, theological and historical writer, 1600, Burford, Oxfordshire; John Ray, eminent naturalist, 1628, Black Notley, Essex.
Died: Pope Clement IV, 1268, Viterbo; Philippe le Bel, king of France, 1314, Fontainebleau; Roger Mortimer, paramour of Isabella, Edward II’s queen, executed at Smithfield, 1330; Charles IV, Emperor of Germany, 1378, Prague; Cardinal Thomas Wolsey, minister of Henry VIII, 1530, St. Mary’s Abbey, Leicester; Frederick, Elector Palatine, son in law of James I of England, 1632, Metz; Brian Walton, bishop of Chester, editor of the Polyglot Bible, 1661, London; Prince Rupert, of Bavaria, cavalier general, 1682, London; Marvel Malpighi, eminent anatomist, 1694, Rome; Anthony Wood or a Wood, antiquarian writer, 1695, 0xford; Maria Theresa, queen of Hungary, 1780, Vienna.
Feast Day: St. Saturninus, bishop of Toulouse, martyr, 257. St. Radbod, bishop of Utrecht, confessor, 918.
THE FALL OF WOLSEY
Any new information regarding the history of Cardinal Wolsey must ever be welcome. A few items of this description have recently been obtained from a state manuscript of the reign of Henry VIII, now in the possession of Sir Walter C. Trevelyan, Bart., F.S.A., a junior member of whose family was one of the chaplains to King Henry. Through him it may have found its way to the venerable seat of Nettlecombe, in the county of Somerset, where this manuscript, relating to domestic expenses and payments, has, for some centuries, been deposited.
Mr. Payne Collier, in describing this document to the Society of Antiquaries, says:
‘We pass over the manner in which Wolsey appears, without check or control, to have issued his written warrants or verbal commandments for payments of money for nearly all purposes, and upon all occasions, even for the despatch of his own letters to Rome; an entry of this kind is made in the first month to which the manuscript applies. Neither is it necessary to dwell upon the items which relate to the known part he took upon the trial of Queen Katherine, since upon this portion of the subject nearly all the authorities, from Hall to Lord Herbert of Cherbury, concur. It is to be observed, with reference to the transactions in which Wolsey was concerned, that no warrant was issued by him for the payment of any sum of money after the 19th of June 1529, when Sir Thomas Fitzgerald, the Irish knight, had a present made to him of £66, 13s. 4d., the order for which was given by Wolsey.
After this date, the warrants were those of the king, or of particular officers, and it does not seem that the cardinal was allowed to interfere; for his disgrace had then commenced, in consequence of the vexatious postponements in the trial of the divorce. Neither does his name occur again in this document, until we come upon it, as it were, by surprise, where he is spoken of by his double title of Cardinal of York and Bishop of Winchester, in connection with a payment to him of one thousand marks out of the revenues of Winchester. The terms are remarkable.
“Item, paide to the Lorde Cardynall of Yorke and Bishope of Winchester, die Martii, by the Kynge’s warrauntc, datede at Windesour, die Martii, in the advancement of his hole yeres pension of M. mrs. by the yeere, out of the bishopricke of Winchester, which yere shall fully ended and ronne at Michilmas next cumming.”
This quotation is valuable, both biographically and historically, since it settles the question, whether the sum granted to Wolsey were 1000 marks, as Stow, in his Annals, asserts; or 4000 marks, as it stands in some manuscripts of Cavendish life of the cardinal. By the above entry, confirmed by a subsequent passage in Cavendish, it is clear that, in consideration of the necessities of the cardinal, it was to be allowed him before hand. After all his pomp and prosperity after all his vast accumulations of wealth after all this piles of plate, and heaps of cloth of gold, and costly apparel Woolsey, in March 1530 (judging from this entry), was reduced to the necessity of obtaining a loan of a thousand marks; this, too, to carry him to his exile at York, whither his enemies had, by this date, induced the fickle, selfish, and luxurious king to banish his former favourite.
Of Wolsey’s subsequent residence at Cawood, we find in this manuscript, an ‘item to David Vincent, by the king’s warrant, for his charge, being sent to Cawood, in the north contrie, at suche time as the cardenall was sicke.’ As the sum charged was considerable namely, £35, 6s. 8d. (more than £200 present money) we may infer, perhaps, that the messenger, whom Cavendish styles his ‘fellow Vincent,’ made some stay there, watching the progress of Wolsey’s illness, and sending intelligence to the king, who was more anxious for the death than for the life of his victim, in order that he might seize upon the remains of his movables. It is quite evident that the cardinal was not, at this period, so destitute as many have supposed, and that he had carried with him a very large quantity of plate, of which the king possessed himself the moment the breath was out of the body of its owner. Among the payments for January, 22 Henry VIII, we read, in the Trevelyan manuscript, that two persons were employed three entire days in London, ‘weighing the plate from Cawood, late the Cardinalle’s. Such are the unceremonious terms used in the original memorandum, communicating a striking fact, of which we now hear for the first time.
From Cawood, as is well known, Wolsey was brought to the Earl of Shrewsbury’s seat, at Sheffield Park; and thither messengers were unexpectedly sent to convey the cardinal to the Tower. This state manuscript shews that Sir William Kingston, captain of the guard, was sent to arrest the cardinal; and that forty pounds were paid to Kingston in November 1530, for the expenses of his journey, as follows:
‘Item, to Sir William Kingston, knight capitain of the kinges garde, sent to Therle of Shrewsebury with divers of the kinges garde, for the conveyance of the Cardinall of Yorke to the Tower of London, in prest for their charges.’
The cardinal was taken ill on the road: the Earl of Shrewsbury encouraged him to hope for recovery, but the cardinal replied that he could not live, and discoursed learnedly about his ailment, dysentery, which he said, within eight days, if there were o change, would necessarily produce ‘ excoriation of the entrails, or delirium, or death.’ This was on the eighth day, when he confidently expected his death; and he expired after the clock had struck eight, according to his own prediction; ‘the very hour,’ says Shakspeare, ‘himself had foretold would be his last’ He had reached Leicester three days previously: as he entered the gate of the monastery, he said: ‘Father abbot, I am come to lay my bones among you;’ and so the event proved: the monks carried him to his bed, on which he expired on the 29th of November 1530. Shakspeare, has little altered the words he used on his death bed, though they were spoken to Kingston, and not, as in the play, to Cromwell:
‘But had I served may God with half the zeal
I served my king, he would not in mine age
Have left me naked to mine enemies.’
It is a curious and novel circumstance, brought to light in the document before us, that, exactly two months before the day of Wolsey’s death, the dean and canons of Cardinal’s (now Christ church) College, Oxford, had so completely separated themselves from Wolsey, and from all the interest which he had taken in their establishment, that, instead of resorting to him for the comparatively small sum of £184, for the purpose of carrying on the architectural works, they applied to the king for the loan of the money. The entry of this loan is made in the state document under consideration, ‘upon an obligation to be repaid agayne, on this side of Cristinmas next cunning’; so that even this trifling advance could not be made out of the royal purse, filled to repletion by the sacrifice of Wolsey, without an express stipulation that the money was to be returned before Christmas.
Everything in Wolsey (says Mr. Collier), his vices and his virtues were great. He seemed incapable of mediocrity in anything: voluptuous and profuse, rapacious and of insatiable ambition, but too magnanimous to be either cruel or revengeful, he was an excellent master and patron, and a fair and open enemy. If we despise the abjectness which he exhibited in his first fall, let it be remembered from and to what he fell from a degree of wealth and grandeur which no subject on earth now enjoys, to a condition of ignominy and want, with all the terrible and unknown consequences to which he might be exposed from the merciless and unscrupulous temper of the king.
A picturesque tower or gate house, the only remains of Wolsey’s palace, exists, to this day, at Esher. Its erection has been commonly attributed to the cardinal; he is, however, thought to have had little time for building at Esher; and the architecture of the towers is of an earlier period than Wolsey’s. With better authority, the erection of this building is attributed to Bishop Wainfleet, who preceded the cardinal in the possession of the see of Winchester by about eighty years, and is known to have erected a stately brick mansion and gatehouse in Esher Park. It is now luxuriantly mantled with ivy: the interior has a very skillfully wrought newel staircase, of brick; and in the roof is introduced the principle of the oblique arch, a supposed invention of much later date.
In estimating the abjectness of Wolsey, we should also take into account the abject submission which he had long been taught to exhibit before the tyrant:
‘Whose smile was transport, and whose frown was fate.’
Of this arbitrary sovereign, one circumstance is disclosed by Cavendish, utterly surpassing all the measures of common iniquity. When Wolsey was sued in a premunire by Henry’s order, and all his movables were seized, the chest which contained a dispensation under the king’s sign manual for the very facts on which he was proceeded against, was withheld, and he was prevented from adducing a document, which, if law and reason had any scope, would have preserved him. His misfortunes, and the conversation of some devout and mortified Carthusians, appear to have awakened the first sense of genuine religion in his mind. During his retreat at Cawood, while the king was persecuting him with one refinement of ingenious cruelty after another, he was calm and composed and here, for the first time, he seems to have exercised, or even comprehended, the character of a Christian bishop.
He reconciled enemies, he preached, he visited nay, he was humble. But this character he was not long permitted to sustain. He had talents for popularity, which, in his delicate and difficult circumstances, he was, perhaps, not sufficiently reserved in displaying. He was preparing to be enthroned at York, with a degree of magnificence which, though far inferior to that which had been practised by his predecessors, was yet sufficient to awaken the jealousy of Henry. The final arrest at Cawood ensued. It is unnecessary, as well as uncharitable, to suppose what there is no proof of that he died of poison, either administered by himself or others. The obvious and proximate cause of his death was affliction. A great heart, oppressed with indignities, and beset with dangers, at length gave way; and Wolsey, under circumstances affectingly detailed by Cavendish, received, in Leicester Abbey, the two last charities of a death bed and a grave.