Women Composers: Before the 16th Century


There are just a few – right?

Enheduanna (fl. c. 2300 BCE) – the earliest writer of literary texts intended for music known to us by name[3]

Sappho (born c. 612 BCE) – the next-earliest writer of literary texts intended for music

Cai Yan (c.175–c.240)

Khosrovidukht (fl. early 8th century)

Sahakdukht (fl. early 8th century)

Kassia (c.810–before 867)

Héloïse (c. 1090 – 1164)

Hildegard of Bingen” href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hildegard_of_Bingen”>Hildegard of Bingen (1098–1179)

Herrad of Landsberg (c. 1130-1195)

Azalais de Porcairagues (fl. mid-12th century)

Iseut de Capio (c.1140–?)

Tibors (fl. mid-12th century)

Sweet handsome friend, I can tell you truly
that I’ve never been without desire
since it pleased you that I have you as my courtly lover;
nor did a time ever arrive, sweet handsome friend,
when I didn’t want to see you often;
nor did I ever feel regret,
nor did it ever come to pass, if you went off angry,
that I felt joy until you had come back;
nor [ever].

Marie de France (1175?–1225?)

Alamanda de Castelnau (fl. second half of 12th century)

Maria de Ventadorn (fl. late 12th century)

Beatritz de Dia (fl. late 12th/early 13th centuries)

Blanche of Castile (1188–1252)

Castelloza (fl. early 13th century)

Dame Margot (fl. 13th century)

Duchess of Lorraine (fl. 13th century)

Maroie de Dregnau de Lille (fl. 13th century)

Dame Maroie (fl. 13th century)

Garsenda de Proensa (fl. early 13th century)

Birgitta of Sweden (c.1303–c.1373)